Jerusalén– El ejército israelí intensificó el miércoles su ofensiva en…
Jerusalén– El ejército israelí intensificó el miércoles su ofensiva en la zona de Gaza gobernada por Hamas, atacando objetivos del grupo rebelde y matando al menos a 14 personas en el segundo día de una operación destinada a sofocar el fuego de cohetes contra Israel.
La ofensiva ha traído los combates más duros entre Israel y el grupo islamista Hamas desde su batalla de ocho días en noviembre de 2012.
Los milicianos dispararon salvas de cohetes que se internaron más de lo habitual en terreno israelí, mientras que Tel Aviv movilizó a miles de tropas en la frontera de Gaza para una posible invasión por tierra en territorio palestino.
El ministro israelí de Defensa advirtió de que la ofensiva podría ser a largo plazo.
Los ataques desde aire y mar siguen a los más de 160 cohetes milicianos disparados contra Israel, incluyendo uno que alcanzó por primera vez la ciudad norteña de Hadera. La ciudad se encuentra a unos 100 kilómetros de Gaza.
El ejército dijo haber atacado más de 160 objetivos en Gaza el miércoles por la mañana, incluyendo 118 puntos de lanzamiento de cohetes, seis complejos de Hamas -incluyendo de la policía naval y seguridad nacional- 10 centro de mando milicianos, instalaciones de almacenaje de armas y 10 túneles empleados para actividad miliciana y para transportar suministros desde Egipto. La frontera entre Gaza y Egipto lleva meses cerrada en la práctica.
Los ataques aéreos del miércoles mataron a un miliciano en el sur de Gaza, indicó el trabajador de sanidad en Gaza Ashraf Al-Kedra, así como a una mujer de 80 años, al hijo, esposa y vecino de un miliciano de Hamas y a otras tres personas de las que no se conocían más detalles.
El ejército israelí dijo haber atacado a un miliciano del grupo armado Yihad Islámica, que ha lanzado cohetes hacia Israel. Por su parte, Yihad Islámica afirmó que uno de sus miembros había muerto junto con su madre y cuatro hermanos, pero Al-Kedra dijo que eran todos civiles.
La tensión en la zona subió tras el secuestro de tres adolescentes israelíes en Cisjordania el 12 de junio. Israel acusó a Hamas de los secuestros, aunque no presentó pruebas.
Tel Aviv lanzó entonces una operación contra miembros de Hamas en Cisjordania y arrestó a cientos de personas. Hamas, que controla Gaza, respondió redoblando el fuego de cohetes.
La situación empeoró la semana pasada tras el hallazgo de los cuerpos sin vida de los tres jóvenes, y con el secuestro un día más tarde de un adolescente palestino en Jerusalén, que fue encontrado más tarde quemado vivo en lo que los palestinos creen fue un asesinato de venganza. Seis judíos israelíes fueron detenidos por el asesinato.
Sólo cuatro cohetes salieron de Gaza durante la noche, indicó el ejército israelí, un declive significativo tras los muchos proyectiles que cayeron en ciudades israelíes la noche anterior, haciendo sonar las sirenas en Jerusalén, Tel Aviv y otras zonas del país.
El miércoles por la mañana sonaron las sirenas en Tel Aviv y el sur de Israel, y el ejército dijo que al parecer dos cohetes habían sido interceptados sobre la ciudad del centro del país por una batería antiaérea.
El objetivo del ejército, señaló el portavoz militar Peter Lerner, es causar un “daño sustancioso” a Hamas y menguar su capacidad de misiles. El ejército subirá de forma gradual sus ataques sobre Gaza.
Pretoria– Un comité de expertos en salud mental ha concluido que Oscar Pistorius no sufría una enfermedad mental cuando mató a su novia Reeva Steenkamp en su casa el año pasado, según dijo el lunes el fiscal jefe en el juicio por asesinato del atleta.
El juicio de Oscar Pistorius se ha reanudado tras un mes en el que un psicólogo y tres psiquiatras estudiaron también si el corredor, que tiene las dos piernas amputadas, podía comprender lo erróneo de sus actos cuando disparó a Steenkamp a través de la puerta cerrada de un baño.
Los informes de los expertos fueron presentados a la juez, Thokozile Masipa, y el fiscal jefe, Gerrie Nel, se refirió a algunas claves de las conclusiones, señalando que los expertos creen que Pistorius era “capaz de apreciar lo erróneo de su acto” cuando mató a Steenkamp, modelo de 29 años.
La evaluación se produjo después de que un psiquiatra, el doctor Merryll Vorster, testificara en defensa de Pistorius indicando que se siente vulnerable debido a su minusvalía y a su vieja preocupación por el crimen, y que padece un trastorno de ansiedad que podría haber contribuido a la muerte de la joven, producida en la madrugada del 14 de febrero de 2013.
El fiscal Gerrie Nel sostiene que Pistorius, de 27 años, mató a Steenkamp en una discusión el día de San Valentín, y ha descrito al atleta como un hombre impulsivo con amor por las armas y un sentido inflado del ego. Pero solicitó una evaluación independiente sobre el estado mental de Pistorius, ante la posibilidad de que la defensa pudiera alegar que el atleta no era culpable debido a una enfermedad mental.
Pistorius podría ser condenado a hasta 25 años de prisión si se le declara culpable de asesinato premeditado, y también podría ir a la cárcel si es condenado por asesinato sin premeditación o homicidio imprudente. Está libre bajo fianza.
Pistorius fue evaluado como paciente externo en el Hospital Psiquiátrico Weskoppies de Pretoria, la capital sudafricana. Está alojado en la lujosa vivienda de su tío.
El lunes pasado, el abogado de la defensa Barry Roux pidió que se citara al cirujano Gerald Versfeld, que amputó la parte inferior de las piernas de Pistorius cuando tenía 11 meses, para testificar sobre la minusvalía del corredor y las dificultades y el dolor que sufría al caminar o alzarse sobre los muñones sin apoyo. Pistorius nació sin peronés, huesos que van de la rodilla al tobillo.
Milwaukee – Potawatomi Bingo Casino’s name officially changes to Potawatomi Hotel & Casino today. Emerging as one of the region’s premier entertainment destinations, the name change recognizes the addition of lodging into the Casino’s array of entertainment and hospitality offerings.
The property will begin changing out its logo and signage over the next weeks. Most noticeably, massive eight-foot-tall letters spelling POTAWATOMI will be hoisted and fastened to the crown of the building over the next several days. The 400-pound letters are lit with LED lights and will be seen from miles away. A freshly-designed website, www.paysbig.com, was launched as part of the transition which features the ability to make hotel room reservations on-line.
Potawatomi Hotel & Casino is now accepting room reservations for arrivals beginning Aug. 18, 2014. The hotel will celebrate its official grand opening with a private ribbon-cutting ceremony Wednesday, Oct. 1. The hotel is scheduled to host its first contracted events in its new event space in August and September.
“The timeline of opening a hotel is a lengthy, detailed process,” said Hotel Director Hassan Abdel-Moneim. “As construction wraps up we’ve shifted our focus to hiring and training a great staff and now we are ready to start taking reservations.”
The 19-story hotel features 381 guest rooms and luxurious suites, offering unparalleled views of the Milwaukee skyline and Lake Michigan. Room rates will be comparable to other downtown hotels and based on the demands of the market.
The hotel includes 364 standard rooms, 16 spacious suites and one presidential suite. Comfortable guest rooms and suites are highlighted with modern décor and color palettes reflecting natural elements and are equipped with a flat-screen TV, safe, refrigerator, coffeemaker and smart thermostat to help ensure an enjoyable visit. Other hotel amenities include Locavore, a full-service casual restaurant and lobby bar, coffee shop, room service, fitness center, free valet parking and more than 10,000 feet of additional meeting space. The hotel connects with a direct walkway to the property’s 781,000 square-foot casino and entertainment facility.
“People throughout the community have commented on how beautiful the exterior of the hotel is and how it has changed the skyline of Milwaukee’s Menomonee Valley,” Abdel-Moneim added. “We can’t wait for guests to experience the new hotel and the elevated level of service and entertainment they won’t find elsewhere.”
Potawatomi Hotel & Casino has an exciting lineup of events and entertainment scheduled for late summer to welcome overnight guests including the $200,000 Mid States Poker Tournament from Aug. 30 – Sept. 7; a Chris Isaak performance on Aug. 24 in Potawatomi’s Northern Lights Theater and America’s Greatest Game Shows promotion starring legendary game show host Bob Eubanks on Aug. 26 and 27.
“With the addition of this beautiful new hotel our guests will enjoy their visits in a completely new way,” said General Manager Mike Goodrich. “We look forward to welcoming guests who want to enjoy all of our entertainment offerings and explore everything the Valley has to offer.
For more information or to make a reservation, visit www.paysbig.com or call 800 PAYS-BIG.
La Presidencia de la República informó en un comunicado que el mandatario felicitó al entrenador por el desempeño que mostró el equipo nacional en el Mundial Brasil 2014.
Destacó asimismo “la gratitud de los mexicanos por los muy buenos momentos que nos hicieron pasar”, y solicitó a Herrera Aguirre “transmitir estos sentimientos a los jugadores y al cuerpo técnico de nuestra Selección”, concluyó el comunicado de la Presidencia de la República.
México perdió 2-1 este domingo ante su similar de Holanda en juego de los octavos de final de la Copa del Mundo.
Con ese resultado, el combinado nacional quedó eliminado.
The immigrant organization members of the National Alliance of Latin American and Caribbean Communities (NALACC) call on President Obama to re-think his decision to delay administrative review of deportations in hopes of action in Congress.
The sad truth is that immigrant families are irrevocably harmed with every day of inaction. Rather than delay, President Obama should set the tone for common-sense immigration reform by acting immediately to curb the harsh deportation practices that tear apart hundreds of families each day.
This action is long overdue, and it is unconscionable that it should be delayed yet again. In fact, ICE has already been instructed to de-prioritize detentions and deportations of immigrants with minor or no criminal record outside of the immigration violation. However, recent reports suggest this is not happening in practice.
The President has the authority to go much farther than simply asking ICE to do something it should have been doing all along. He could use the power of his pen, as he promised to do in the State of the Union address. He could and should end programs like Secure Communities that enlist local police as immigration enforcers. He could protect immigrants who stand up to abusive employers. He could end the abusive practice of holding immigrants in isolation and other deplorable conditions in detention centers. He could extend protections from deportations to hardworking immigrants, so that no more parents experience the anguish of being torn apart from their children.
These are the common-sense steps that could break through the climate of fear currently poisoning the debate on immigration reform. Yes, Congress must take action to fix our broken immigration policies. Congressional action remains an urgent priority for NALACC members and we will continue to press Congress to address the many and profound problems with our immigration policies and treat immigrants fairly. Administrative action is no excuse for Congressional inaction. But President Obama has an opportunity to show leadership and moral courage right now, and he should not let another day pass without doing so.
Lo que se sabe, es que el hombre, Isidro García, secuestró a la hija de su novia, es decir a su hijastra y se la llevo para abusar de ella física y sexualmente, como Pedro por su casa.
A Isidro la vida le sonreía; una vez harto de intimar con su novia mexicana, decide cambiar de presa y quedarse con la adolescente de 15 años a quien envuelve y traumatiza con suma facilidad, y no pasa nada.
Isidro no tuvo que esforzarse demasiado, cometió sus actos delictivos a la vista de todo el mundo, de tal suerte que hoy, los vecinos que lo vieron llevar una vida de pareja “muy normal” con la víctima, no salen de su asombro.
Isidro García, es un inmigrante originario de Morelos, México, que a diferencia de los millones de inmigrantes que pasan los días trabajando honestamente y esperando que la buena providencia les dé la oportunidad de hacerlo legalmente, hizo lo que quiso con el sistema.
El desorden, la injusticia y el absurdo que rigen las leyes migratorias estadounidenses jugaron a favor de este hombre, que usó el sin sentido del sistema para manipular a su antojo la voluntad de una menor de edad.
Según los cargos presentados en Santa Ana, California Isidro García asaltó sexualmente a la víctima en repetidas ocasiones, tras haberla raptado de la casa de su madre en el 2004; en un comienzo las drogas y el encierro fueron fundamentales, pero con el tiempo, al hábil secuestrador le fue suficiente con la manipulación y el lavado de cerebro. Está claro que no le fue muy difícil dominar a una adolescente que creía haber sido olvidada por su familia y que vivía bajo la amenaza de la deportación.
¿Cuántas personas viven día a día bajo esa amenaza en Estados Unidos? ¿Cuántas injusticias ocurren diariamente gracias a la ineficiencia del sistema migratorio? ¿Cuántos individuos inescrupulosos se aprovechan cotidianamente del miedo y la ignorancia de aquellos que no han podido acceder legalmente a una tarjeta verde? ¿Cuántos se ven obligados a doblegarse y a entregar su fuerza laboral por pagas miserables, debido a su situación migratoria?
El sistema es tan ineficiente que llega a ser ridículo. En Estados Unidos hombres como
Mario Hernández sirven en las Fuerzas Armadas durante la guerra de Vietnam, trabajan para el gobierno y votan en las elecciones, sin enterarse de que no son ciudadanos estadounidenses. A este distraído veterano la noticia le cayó como balde de agua fría cuando quiso hacerse de un pasaporte para irse de crucero.
Mientras no se apruebe una reforma migratoria integral, lógica, justa y eficiente que le abra un camino a la ciudadanía a los más de doce millones de inmigrantes que viven y trabajan –honestamente- en este país individuos como Isidro García podrán seguir haciendo de las suyas, burlándose de un sistema inservible y victimizando inocentes, sin que pase nada.
Apple Inc. y Google Inc. anunciaron el viernes que desistieron de casi dos docenas de demandas en tribunales estadounidenses y europeos que se habían interpuesto recíprocamente.
Las disputas giraban en torno de los sistemas operativos que Apple usa para su iPhone y el programa Android de Google, como también acusaciones sobre usurpación de patentes por parte de Motorola Mobility, que Google adquirió hace dos años.
El acuerdo no abarca otra disputa sobre patentes: las demandas de Apple contra Samsung Electronics Co., también relativas a tecnología de los teléfonos multiusos.
Apple y Google dijeron en un comunicado conjunto que colaborarán sobre reforma de patentes y que el acuerdo no incluye la autorización mutua de tecnologías.
“First they say she was faking her concussion. Now they say she’s auditioning for a part on ‘The Walking Dead,’” Bill Clinton said at the Peter G. Peterson Foundation’s 2014 Fiscal Summit, according to USA Today. “She is strong, she is doing great. As far as I can tell, she’s in better shape than I am.”
While conceding the seriousness of the blood clot that doctors found between her brain and skull, Bill Clinton insisted the 66-year-old former secretary of state has more than bounced back since she fell in December 2012.
She “works out every week … she is strong, she is doing great.”
“I must be in really tough shape, she’s still quicker than I am,” quipped Bill Clinton, who underwent quadruple bypass surgery in 2005.
Rove now denies a report in the New York Post that he said the former first lady, who is a leading contender for the Democratic nomination for president in 2016, is hiding just how bad her injury was.
“Thirty days in the hospital? And when she reappears, she’s wearing glasses that are only for people who have traumatic brain injury? We need to know what’s up with that,” the Post reports the GOP political strategist said at a conference last week in California.
“No, no. I didn’t say she had brain damage,” Rove later told Fox News. “I never used that phrase. But, look, she had a serious health episode.”
Hillary Clinton made no mention of Rove’s remarks when she spoke Wednesday at the American Jewish Committee Global Forum in Washington, and instead stuck to her prepared remarks.
Bill Clinton said Rove’s remarks are just the beginning of attacks he expects to come his wife’s way.
“You can’t be too upset about it,” he said. “They’ll just get better and better.”
“I’m still waiting for them to admit there’s nothing to Whitewater,” he added.
While Rove denies the brain damage assertion, he didn’t back down in the Fox interview from his insistence that Hillary Clinton will be dogged by questions about her age and health.
“This will be an issue in the 2016 race, whether she likes it or not,” said Rove, who was deputy chief of staff in the George W. Bush administration. “Every candidate is asked for all of their health records.”
When “Cinco de Mayo” is mentioned in Mexico, one of the most symbolic battles in the Mexican collective unconscious immediately comes to mind: the Battle of Puebla. General Ignacio Zaragoza, with only a small army, took on the powerful French forces of Napoleon III during the Second French Intervention.
Ignacio Zaragoza Seguin was born on March 24, 1829 in the city of Presidio de La Bahia de Espiritu Santo, now Goliad, in southern Texas, USA. He was the second son of the marriage between Miguel Zaragoza and Maria de Jesus Valdez Martinez Seguin.
When he was five years old, after the independence of Texas, his family moved to Matamoros in Tamaulipas state, where he began his studies and ten years later he moved to Monterrey, Nuevo Leon.
For several years he leaned toward the priesthood, but then left, perhaps to continue the example of his father, who was an infantryman.
During the United States intervention in Mexico between 1846 and 1848,young Zaragoza tried to enlist as a cadet, but was rejected.
He saw, however, from a distance, how Mexico lost more than half of its territory in an unequal war. It was not until 1853 that he managed to enter the Nuevo Leon army, first as a sergeant, then later as captain of his regiment. In 1854, he decided to join the Plan de Ayutla, a movement that attempted to overthrow the dictator Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna.
Along with 100 followers, he took up arms to defend the liberal cause, a cause that he would not abandon until his death.
In 1860, he fought in favor of the Constitution of 1857. He also participated in the battle of Calpulalpan, facing theconservative forces. In this battle, easily won thanks to a brave counterattack, the liberals ended the War of Reform and laid down the foundations of a new republican system.
During the term of Benito Juarez, Zaragoza was recognized for his high sense of loyalty and patriotism. Thus, heserved his country as Minister of the Army and Navy, a position that he held until 1861.
But the most remarkable passage in the life of this military man was when the fledgling Republic of Mexico, financially drowning due to all of its debts and war expenses, decided, through the person of Benito Juarez, to decree a moratorium to suspend all foreign debt payments.
Faced with this scenario; Spain, France and Britain, countries to whom the majority of the debt was owed, became dissatisfiedand made up a tripartite alliance whose armed forces reached the port of Veracruz.
After further negotiations, Spain and England decided to retreat, but France, in a frank desire to build a new imperial government and extend its American colonies, decided to continue its foray into Mexican territory.
President Juarez swiftly organized a military unit and placed General Ignacio Zaragoza in command.
The army, composed of nearly 10,000 men, was named the Eastern Army, whose mission was to confront the French contingent of 6,000 soldiers commanded by the insolent General Charles Ferdinand Latrille.
Zaragoza knew beforehand that he had a difficult responsibility as well as a clear disadvantage in both arms and in discipline, for the Mexican army was in a precarious situation and was practically devoid of everything except for courage. Knowing of what stuff his men were made of, Zaragoza said to them: “Our enemies may be the world’s first citizens, but you are Mexico’s first sons and they want to wrest your homeland from you”.
Zaragoza headed east and decided to confront the invaders with an initial contingent of 4,000 troops in the area known as the Summit of Acultzingo. In this first meeting, Zaragoza did not intend to stop the passage of the French, but simply to let his soldiers gain experience, as many of them had no prior experience in battle. In this first skirmish, Napoleon’s powerful army lost nearly 500 men, while the Mexicans lost only 50 soldiers. In the face of this event, Zaragozareturned to his headquarters commenting to his soldiers, “The French fight well, but our soldiers are better at killing”.
Under orders from Juarez to stop the French at Puebla, Zaragoza prepared a quick plan for the plaza’s defense. Climbing to the top of Cerro de Guadalupe, he decided to mount two garrisons in the strongholds of the Loreto and Guadalupe fortswith 1,200 men and to take on the French Army with another 3,500 men.
The battle began on May 5th when the interventionist army arrived at the city of Puebla. At 11:15 a.m., the first group formed by Mexican soldiers and indigenous Zacapoaxtla forces faced the French and managed to overcome the powerful attacks of the foreigners.
Zaragoza quickly positioned his soldiers in the dip between both hills and formed an angle between the forts and other keyareas in the defense of the site.
Artillery fire launched from the fort of Guadalupe managed to decimate the French army, but the seasoned and experienced Zouaves managed to ascend to the fort of Guadalupe in an attempt to take it, but were stopped cold by the Rifle Corps, who were stationed there. The Zouaves retreated in order to regroup and resume the advance, they knew that the fight would be tough but hoped that the Mexicans would be easily overcome in the ensuing melee. The French regrouped and, supported by the First and Second
Marine Regiment; counterattacked the rest of the Mexican line. They were received by Mexican bayonets in a bloody melee where they were courageously repelled, one by one.
To complement the Mexican defense, the Pachucan Guard, on horseback, charged on the rest of the column firing their guns and striking with powerful sword blows on the already decimated and surprised French Army, who retreated from the position.
After the battle, Zaragoza sent a very important message as part of his battle report: “The national arms are covered with glory. The French troops behaved with courage under fire, but their chief, ineptly” – perhaps referring to General Ferdinand’s vanity, who, even before any military confrontation with the Mexicans had expressed
-”We are so superior to the Mexicans in organization, discipline, race, morale and refinement of sensibilities, that from this moment, in command of our 6,000 brave soldiers, I am the master of Mexico”.
Because of this great feat, Ignacio Zaragoza is considered as the Hero of Liberty and champion of the Battle of Puebla. Since then, the city of Puebla was named by presidential decree as Puebla de Zaragoza, as well as the bordering state of Coahuila de Zaragoza.
Ignacio Zaragoza married Rafaela Padilla de la Garza, with whom he had three children. Their marriage lasted only 5 years because his wife died of pneumonia.
At the age of 33, he contracted typhoid fever, leading to the premature death of this brave Mexican hero on September 8th, 1862.
Cinco de Mayo is a Mexican holiday which celebrates the victory over French forces on May 5, 1862 at the Battle of Puebla. It is often mistakenly thought to be Mexico’s Independence Day, which is actually September 16. More of an emotional victory than a military one, to Mexicans the Battle of Puebla represents Mexican resolve and bravery in the face of an overwhelming foe.
The Reform War
The Battle of Puebla was not an isolated incident: there is a long and complicated history that led up to it. In 1857, the “Reform War” broke out in Mexico. It was a civil war and it pitted Liberals (who believed in separation of church and state and freedom of religion) against the Conservatives (who favored a tight bond between the Roman Catholic Church and the Mexican State). This brutal, bloody war left the nation in shambles and bankrupt. When the war was over in 1861, Mexican President Benito Juarez suspended all payment of foreign debt: Mexico simply did not have any money.
This angered Great Britain, Spain and France, countries which were owed a great deal of money. The three nations agreed to work together to force Mexico to pay. The United States, which had considered Latin America its “backyard” since the Monroe Doctrine (1823), was going through a Civil War of its own and in no position to do anything about European intervention in Mexico.
In December 1861 armed forces of the three nations arrived off the coast of Veracruz and landed a month later, in January 1862. Desperate last-minute diplomatic efforts by the Juarez administration persuaded Britain and Spain that a war that would further devastate the Mexican economy was in no one’s interest, and Spanish and British forces left with promise of future payment. France, however, was unconvinced and French forces remained on Mexican soil.
French March on Mexico City
French forces captured the city of Campeche on February 27 and reinforcements from France arrived soon after. By early March, France’s modern military machine had an efficient army in place, poised to capture Mexico City. Under the command of the Count of Lorencez, a veteran of the Crimean War, the French Army set out for Mexico City. When they reached Orizaba, they held up for a while, as many of their troops had become ill. Meanwhile, an army of Mexican regulars under the command of 33 year-old Ignacio Zaragoza marched to meet him. The Mexican Army was about 4,500 men strong: the French numbered approximately 6,000 and were much better armed and equipped than the Mexicans. The Mexicans occupied the city of Puebla and its two forts, Loreto and Guadalupe.
On the morning of May 5, Lorencez moved to attack. He believed that Puebla would fall easily: his incorrect information suggested that the garrison was much smaller than it really was and that the people of Puebla would surrender easily rather than risk much damage to their city. He decided on a direct assault, ordering his men to concentrate on the strongest part of the defense: Guadalupe fortress, which stood on a hill overlooking the city. He believed that once his men had taken the fort and had a clear line to the city, the people of Puebla would be demoralized and would surrender quickly. Attacking the fortress directly would prove a major mistake.
Lorencez moved his artillery into position and by noon had begun shelling Mexican defensive positions. He ordered his infantry to attack three times: each time they were repulsed by the Mexicans. The Mexicans were almost overrun by these assaults, but bravely held their lines and defended the forts. By the third attack, the French artillery was running out of shells and therefore the final assault was unsupported by artillery.
The third wave of French infantry was forced to retreat. It had begun to rain, and the foot troops were moving slowly. With no fear of the French artillery, Zaragoza ordered his cavalry to attack the retreating French troops. What had been an orderly retreat became a rout, and Mexican regulars streamed out of the forts to pursue their foes. Lorencez was forced to move the survivors to a distant position and Zaragoza called his men back to Puebla. At this point in the battle, a young general named Porfirio Díaz made a name for himself, leading a cavalry attack.
“The National Arms have covered themselves in Glory”
It was a sound defeat for the French. Estimates place French casualties around 460 dead with almost that many wounded, while only 83 Mexicans were killed.
Lorencez’s quick retreat prevented the defeat from becoming a disaster, but still the battle became a huge morale-booster for the Mexicans. Zaragoza sent a message to Mexico City, famously declaring “Las armas nacionales se han cubierto de gloria” or “The national arms (weapons) have covered themselves in glory.” In Mexico City, President Juarez declared May 5th a national holiday in remembrance of the battle.
The Battle of Puebla was not very important to Mexico from a military standpoint. Lorencez was allowed to retreat and hold onto the towns he had already captured. Soon after the battle, France sent 27,000 troops to Mexico under a new commander, Elie Frederic Forey. This massive force was well beyond anything the Mexicans could resist, and it swept into Mexico City in June of 1863. On the way, they besieged and captured Puebla. The French installed Maximilian of Austria, a young Austrian nobleman, as Emperor of Mexico. Maximilian’s reign lasted until 1867, when President Juarez was able to drive the French out and restore the Mexican government. Young General Zaragoza died of typhoid not long after the Battle of Puebla.
Although the Battle of Puebla amounted to little from a military sense – it merely postponed the inevitable victory of the French army, which was larger, better trained and better equipped than the Mexicans – it nevertheless meant a great deal to Mexico in terms of pride and hope. It showed them that the mighty French war machine was not invulnerable, and that determination and courage were powerful weapons.
The victory was a huge boost to Benito Juarez and his government. It allowed him to hold onto power at a time when he was in danger of losing it, and it was Juarez who eventually led his people to victory against the French in 1867.
The battle also marks the arrival on the political scene of Porfirio Díaz, then a brash young general who disobeyed Zaragoza in order to chase down fleeing French troops. Díaz would eventually get a lot of the credit for the victory and he used his new fame to run for president against Juárez. Although he lost, he would eventually reach the presidency and lead his nation for many years.
In towns throughout the country, thefiesta includes Mexican food, such as Mole Poblano, Mexican music, including mariachi bands, parades, piñatas for the kids and fireworks at the end of the day. In places like Puebla and Mexico City, there is a reenactment of the battle. Men dress as French and Mexican soldiers and generals, and women wear the clothing of the soldaderos, the women who cooked for and looked after the soldiers in wartime. In some representations, the Mexican soldiers carry machetes and old gun-powder rifles, and the French soldiers carry bags with wine bottles sticking out. It is said that in some of these staged battles, there are actual casualties (Inside Mexico). In other reenactments, fruit is used as ammunition, so the worst injury possible is an apple to the head.
The Mexican president gives a speech in Mexico City that istelevised nationwide, and the day’s reveling ends with shouts of “¡Viva Mexico!”
Similar celebrations take place in many major U.S. cities, including San Antonio, Houston, Dallas, St. Paul, Chicago andLos Angeles. Cinco de Mayo is actually celebrated more widely and on a grander scale in the United States than it is in Mexico, possibly due to effective marketing techniques.
Carnivals, street fairs and multi-day festivals are held all over the United States during the first week in May. In Los Angeles, Cinco de Mayo festivities attract hundreds of thousands of people. Red, white and green — the colors of the Mexican flag — are the dominant tones on the blocks around City Hall, and a portrait of General Zaragoza adorns the stage where the mayor of Los Angeles delivers a speech in Spanish. In St. Paul, Minnesota, the festivities include a “Lowrider Hydraulic Showdown”; in Austin, Texas, there is a jalapeño-eating contest; and in San Marcos, Texas, the winner of the Miss Cinco de Mayo pageant receives a $1,000 scholarship.
The Obama administration’s plan to keep military aid flowing to Egypt ran into significant opposition Tuesday as a key senator blocked the next batch of shipments and other lawmakers criticized the White House for not responding more forcefully to the military-led government’s crackdown on opposition groups.
Sen. Patrick J. Leahy (D-Vt.), the head of the panel that appropriates foreign aid, called the administration’s intended release of $650 million worth of military aid unconscionable in light of a recent wave of death sentences handed down by courts in Egypt after hasty mass trials.
“It is an appalling abuse of the justice system,” Leahysaid from the Senate floorTuesday morning. “It shows a dictatorship run amok.”His move set the stage for the first clash between the executive and legislative branches over the future of the annual $1.5 billion aid package Cairo has counted on for decades. If the senator does not release it, the Obama administration probably would face a series of legal and contractual quandaries as a result ofthe complex way the
“I think this is an important moment,” said Stephen McInerney, the executive director of the Project on Middle East Democracy, which has advocated for an overhaul of the Egyptian aid package. “It highlights just how troublesome events in Egypt have been as viewed from Washington.”Leahy’s announcement coincided with a visit by Egyptian Foreign Minister Nabil Fahmy to Washington and a hearing before a House foreign affairs panel during which members of Congress took the administration to task for attempting to keep the aid flowing.
Rep. Gerald E. Connolly (D-Va.) criticized the administration’s recent decision to move forward with the delivery of 10 Apache attack helicopters to Egypt. Connolly and other lawmakers noted the killing of hundreds of demonstrators and the death sentences imposed on 700 Egyptians since a military coup last year.
“How in the world do we continue to justify decisions, such as that made recently by Secretary Kerry nonetheless to go forward with the delivery of Apache helicopters to that military?” Connolly demanded.
The tone on the Hill was starkly at odds with the welcome Nabil received at the State Department. Secretary of State John F. Kerry opened a joint appearance with a joke, noting that Nabil, who was born in New York, probably learned English before Arabic. Kerry avoided a direct mention of the death sentences, referring instead to “disturbing decisions within the judicial process — the court system — that have raised serious challenges for all of us.”
Kerry also did not publicly touch on Egypt’s recent move to outlaw the April 6 movement, a youth group that played a key role in the popular revolt that led to the ouster of President Hosni Mubarak in early 2011.
Fahmy responded that the country’s court system is “completely independent” from the government, an assertion at odds with a long history of collusion between Egypt’s judicial branch and its autocratic leaders. “I’m confident that due process is allowed, and that the legal system will ultimately end up with proper decisions in each of these cases,” the minister said.
At the Pentagon, where Fahmy received a rare “honor cordon” welcome, Rear Adm. John Kirby said the administration is “following a very measured, balanced, deliberate approach here on how we assess and pursue military assistance to Egypt.” Kirby, the Pentagon’s press secretary, said the administration will consult with members of Congress and “keep them informed as much as possible as we move forward.”
The future of Egypt’s military aid package became the subject of spirited debate last year after the country’s generals overthrew Mohamed Morsi, Egypt’s first democratically elected president. Since the 1980s, Egypt has been allowed to place orders with U.S. defense contractors under a system that works like a credit card, enabling Cairo to request equipment and weapons before Congress has appropriated the money to buy them.
After the military-run government unleashed a brutal crackdown on Morsi’s group, the Muslim Brotherhood, the Obama administration decided to block the delivery of Apache helicopters and tanks to show its disapproval. In January, Congress allocated the $1.5 billion that typically goes to Egypt each year but imposed conditions. The spending bill says the administration must certify that Egypt is abiding by the 1979 peace treaty it signed with Israel and maintaining a strategic relationship with Washington.
Beyond that, it calls on the administration to certify that Egypt is making progress on governing democratically and respecting human rights, setting specific benchmarks for the delivery of aid.
The White House announced last week that it would resume shipping Apache helicopters to Cairo and start processing $650 million in aid.
In extemporaneous remarks on the Senate floor, Leahy said he is “dismayed” by the situation in Egypt.
“We can’t stand here and say, ‘Golly, gee whiz, we’re disturbed by hundreds of people being sentenced to death after a few minutes in a mass trial,’ ” he said. “ ‘But actually, we’ve been friends for so long, we’ll send you some money, but you should stop doing that.’ ”
By Raj Jayadev
I recently received a poem, “The New Jim Crows,” from an unlikely source: North Carolina Public Defender Danny Spiegel.
Spiegel’s poem is an outpouring of the heartache and frustrations of his occupation, of how he is forced to bear witness to the damages of mass incarceration.
Spiegel passionately tells the story of his clients – teen Melissa, who is tracked from foster care into jail; the schizophrenic who ends up locked in a cell rather than in treatment; and the broken families of the failed war on drugs.
The poem reads lonely and angry. But the irony is that Spiegel’s narrative identifies those who can stop mass incarceration: those facing incarceration, their communities and the attorneys who represent them.
Public-defense offices cannot do the job the community wants them to do because they don’t have the resources. The community then loses faith in defender offices because they aren’t doing the hoped-for job. The results? Our courtrooms have become plea mills, with a national plea rate above 90 percent, leading to mass incarceration.
Shockingly, more than 1 percent of American adults are behind bars. One in 31 adults are in some phase of penal supervision – prison, parole or probation. These staggering numbers share one thing in common: They all got there through criminal courts. And, there is at least an 80 percent probability that they were represented by a public defender.
Those numbers, if tapped, could be a game changer. Incarceration decreases dramatically when a public defender partners with his or her client’s community. Families of people entangled in the justice system come together to make strategic decisions about their cases and determine how to better utilize or improve representation of their attorney.
The families become extensions of the legal defense team – scouring police reports, discussing defense strategy, creating mitigation material and maintaining a presence in the courtroom. The often-overworked attorney then has backup to explore options other than the one the system is counting on the attorney and client to take: the quickest path to a plea deal.
An individual facing charges is emboldened with the knowledge that the attorney is less likely to be coerced into that plea deal. Family and community participation changes the balance of power in the courts and, consequently, the outcome of cases.
Participating in cases and being able to “look under the hood” of the courts shows where community power can be flexed into changing policies. For example, in our county, public defenders weren’t staffing the misdemeanor arraignment courts. As such, individuals were going to their first court date without counsel and negotiating pleas with a judge themselves.
As a community, we assumed that was just the way the system worked. It wasn’t until our community organizing work took us to courts in other counties that we realized how injurious our county’s practices were.
The local civil rights community called on the public defender to staff the misdemeanor arraignment court. Armed with the knowledge that the community was behind her, the public defender went to county purse-holders and received funding to staff attorneys at that court. The result was a systemic change that will save thousands of people from improper conviction.
We need to shift perspective, to stop thinking of public defense as a service and to begin thinking of it as part of a movement to challenge mass incarceration. For many, public defense is viewed as an apparatus of the criminal justice system, not an extension of the movement to reform the system. It’s why we hear terms like “public pretender” commonly used in communities affected by mass incarceration.
Public defender offices don’t speak forcefully enough to demand resources and point out the systemic inequities leading to their high caseloads. But communities can advocate the changes public defenders need to make to do the job their clients deserve, and, in doing so, can take on the court machinery of mass incarceration.
It is a matter of reciprocity: The community pushes for more resources for public defender offices, and in turn, the public defender offices better protect rights of community members.
Raj Jayadev is executive director of Silicon Valley De-Bug, a community organizing, advocacy and media organization in San Jose, Calif. De-Bug hosts the Albert Cobarrubias Justice Project – an organizing and training model for families and community members to participate in their local criminal court system. To learn more, visit Time Saved, the National Legal Aid & Defender Association and Gideon at 50.
Washington, D.C. — Earthjustice tiene el honor de dar la bienvenida a Lisa García, anterior Asociada Asistente de Administración en la Agencia de Protección Ambiental (EPA, por sus siglas en inglés) como la nueva Vicepresidente de Litigio del programa de Salud. Este es un puesto nuevo que se enfocará en dirigir a nuestra organización en el área de leyes del medioambiente dentro de nuestro vasto y creciente cuerpo de litigio en los temas de aire limpio, agua limpia, productos químicos tóxicos, pesticidas y problemas de justicia ambiental.
En este puesto representando a Earthjustice, García trazará un curso de litigio innovador y de alto impacto, enfocado en la protección de comunidades y familias dentro de la amplia gama de problemas de contaminación que enfrentan a diario. Decenas de miles de estadounidenses mueren cada año a causa de contaminación del aire; cientos de miles más terminan en las salas de emergencia de hospitales debido a ataques de asma y enfermedades respiratorias. Nuestras familias y comunidades son amenazadas actualmente por los excesos de agua contaminada proveniente de una gran cantidad de fuentes – como contaminación agrícola, aguas pluviales, residuos de minería, contaminación de fábricas, plaguicidas, desechos químicos, y el desarrollo industrial. El liderazgo de García ayudará a fortalecer y continuar el legado de Earthjustice, que siempre se ha enfocado en defender protecciones para las familias y comunidades afectadas.
“Earthjustice está encantado de que Lisa Garcia se une a nuestro equipo en la recién creada posición de Vicepresidente de Litigio para el programa de Salud,” comentó Trip Van Noppen, Presidente de Earthjustice. “Ella va a llevar la misión de Earthjustice para defender el derecho de toda persona a un medioambiente sano, que abarca mantener aire limpio, agua limpia, y deshacerse de desechos de productos químicos tóxicos, y programas de pesticidas químicos. Lisa tendrá sede en nuestra oficina de Washington D.C. y trabajará con el personal de toda nuestra organización.”
García tiene una larga e impresionante historia en su su marco jurídico, político y la su experiencia legislativa para promover justicia ambiental. Ella viene a Earthjustice de la Agencia de Protección Ambiental (EPA), donde, como persona nombrada por el presidente Obama, se desempeñó como Asociada Asistente de Administración para la Justicia Ambiental. En este puesto García trajo a luz los problemas de justicia ambiental dentro de los más altos niveles de la agencia. García comentó a Greenwire “Vamos todos a tomar responsabilidad y decir no a que solo una comunidad debe asumir la carga de algo que beneficia a otros” describiendo la idea de justicia ambiental, durante su puesto anterior.”Tengo electricidad – de una planta de energía, tengo mi basura recogida – que se va al área designada de tiradero o a la estación de transferencia de residuos ¿Cómo podemos colectivamente hacer que todos seamos responsables por igual?”
Ella ayudó a redactar y aplicar El Plan de EJ del 2014, estableciendo el camino de la EPA hacia la integración y el fortalecimiento de la justicia ambiental dentro de todos sus programas, actividades y decisiones. García también trabajó promoviendo importantes relaciones de trabajo con comunidades de bajos ingresos, tribales y minorías sobrecargadas, logrando vínculos firmes con ellos. Dirigió el grupo de trabajo Interinstitucional de Justicia Ambiental con otras agencias federales – incluyendo el Departamento de Salud y Servicios Humanos, el Departamento de Energía y el Departamento de Comercio – abordando algunos de los retos ambientales más persistentes del país.
Previo a su rol en la EPA, García se desempeñó como Abogada Principal de Justicia y Equidad Ambiental en el Departamento de conservación del Medio Ambiente de Nueva York. En ese cargo, desarrolló iniciativas de justicia ambiental dentro del estado para enfrentar críticos retos ambientales, y se desempeñó como co-presidente del grupo de trabajo Interinstitucional de Justicia Ambiental del Gobernador. García se trabajó como Secretaria de Justicia Auxiliar de la Procuraduría General del Estado de Nueva York, donde representó a varias agencias estatales en litigios ambientales y defendió el Programa de Limpieza de Terrenos Baldíos de Nueva York.
Durante décadas, Earthjustice ha trabajado en ámbitos regionales y nacionales para asegurar protecciones para mantener aire limpio, agua limpia, y deshacerse de desechos de productos químicos tóxicos. Nuestra lucha por comunidades saludables involucra fortalecer los estándares y las protecciones hacia su salud, junto con responsabilizar a aquellos que violen dichos estándares.
Contacto para los medios: Lisa Garcia puede dar entrevistas en inglés o español. Para solicitar entrevistas, favor de contactar a Liz Judge al tel: 415.217.2007 ó email@example.com.
Minneapolis, MN – Rudy Villeda came to the US 10 years ago as a young man looking to build a new life. After years of working for little pay, he found the opportunity he needed through an apprenticeship with the Painters and Allied Trades.
And, as contractors in the Dakotas scramble for skilled workers to build the second wave of construction following the region’s oil boom, the Painters and other construction trade groups are looking for new recruits like Villeda.
The Painters are working with six other trade groups, calling themselves the Coalition of Construction Professionals, to hold open houses in a dozen towns across the Dakotas this spring. The goal: get young Dakotans to help build their state, and learn a trade in the process.
“These are exciting times for anybody undecided what they want to do with their life,” Don Mullin, Business Representative for the Painters. “We’re rapidly responding to try and meet all the tremendous opportunities offered in this region.”
Villeda, 31, first came to the US from Mexico 10 years ago. He lived in several states, going wherever he could find work in construction. His bosses often worked him 12 hours a day for little pay and no benefits. It wasn’t until three years ago that a friend of his, living in Minnesota, tipped him off to the Painters’ training program.
Now he’s living just outside Minneapolis, and in his third year of training, soon to graduate as a journeyman painter. Since he started the program, he’s helped to build nursing homes, hospitals, and new apartments.
The benefits of training-on-the-job have given Villeda and his family the financial stability he came to America to find.
“Since I’ve been here, I’ve been able to provide for my family,” said Villeda, a father of three. “When my children get sick, I have no problem taking them to the doctor because they’re insured.”
Looking back at his career decisions, Villeda said he’d recommend the program to anyone unsure of their next step.
“Here there is opportunity,” Villeda said.
For the Coalition, opportunity is what the campaign is all about.
“We’re determined to find motivated workers who are eager to learn a trade and start a new career,” said Business Manager Glen Johnson of Operating Engineers Local 49, a Coalition member. “This is a win-win for the industry, and for those interested workers, it’s a fabulous opportunity.”
“We’re hopeful our open houses will open the door into the middle class,” said Mullin.
The Coalition held its first of a series of open houses the last weekend in March in Williston and Minot. They will hold events in a dozen different towns over the months of April and May. This week-end the campaign makes stops in Dickinson and Bismarck.
The Global Climate Convergence says the US Supreme Court McCutcheon v. FEC decision allowing wealthy individuals to buy even more political power is a call to action for grassroots, progressive campaigners across all movements to unite and ‘out-organize’ the corporate elite.
The group has launched Call To Action – a video manifesto calling on movements for social, economic and environmental justice to come together for People, Planet and Peace over Profit. The Convergence starts with a wave of action this spring, from Earth Day to May Day (April 22nd – May 1st).
The Global Climate Convergence is an education and direct action campaign. It provides coordinated action and collaboration across fronts of struggle and diverse issues to harness the transformative power we already possess as a thousand separate movements.
Global Climate Convergence Call To Action ties together movements for labor, immigrants’ rights, economic justice, indigenous rights, environmental justice, students’ rights, peace, democracy and more. By bringing together these groups on common ground, we are building a movement as big as the economic and ecological crises barreling down on us. The climate crisis, which threatens to unravel civilization as we know it by 2050, intensifies all of our struggles and creates new urgency for collaboration and unified action.
The Convergence movement brings together grassroots activists with seasoned campaigners for justice to press for an emergency Global Green New Deal, a broad set of solutions to pressing social, economic and environmental problems. These solutions – summarized by the slogan “People, Planet and Peace over Profit” – reflect the values and priorities held by a majority of people in the United States and across the globe.
By bringing together diverse justice movements and communities for Earth Day to May Day 2014 and beyond, the Convergence aims to demonstrate the broad public support that already exists for transformational change.
Milwaukee, WI (March 26, 2014) – Children are invited to dash for candy-filled eggs at Easter Egg- Citement, Saturday, April 7, at 10 a.m. at Kosciuszko Community Center, 2201 S. 7 St. The egg hunt is limited to the first 75 children who have purchased tickets.
Activities for families are designed for children age 12 and under and include a photo with the Easter Bunny. Light refreshments will be served. Because the egg hunt takes place outside, parents are reminded to dress their children for the weather. The program goes on rain or shine.
Everyone attending Easter Egg-Citement must have a ticket. All children must be accompanied by an adult. Tickets are $3 per person. For tickets or for more information, call Kosciuszko Community Center at (414) 645-4624.
Several of the Parks’ friends groups will also be presenting egg hunts: April 12, North Point Lighthouse
Friends, Egg Hunt at the Lighthouse, northpointlighthouse.org; April 19, Jackson Park Community
Association, jacksonpark.us; April 20, Friends of Boerner Botanical Gardens, Easter Family Event,
El Banco Gubernamental de Fomento (BGF) someterá una propuesta este jueves a unas 24 cooperativas, cuyos pagos como bonistas están próximos a vencer, para que reinviertan en los mismos títulos y le eviten un desembolso a la institución financiera del estado, que suman alrededor de $77 millones.
La reunión se llevará a cabo en las oficinas de la Corporación para la Supervisión y Seguro de Cooperativas (COSSEC) a las 10:00 de la mañana y “el llamado es a mantener los bonos en el gobierno”, confirmó Daniel Rodríguez Collazo, presidente ejecutivo de COSSEC.
La iniciativa del BGF es parte de sus estrategias para recuperar la liquidez del banco ante la precaria situación que enfrentan y que no se subsana completamente con la reciente emisión de $3,500 millones. Tal emisión se logró a rendimientos históricos tras la clasificación chatarra del crédito de los principales bonos del Estado Libre Asociado (ELA).
Entre los cooperativistas ha crecido la preocupación ante la pérdida no realizada –en libros- de $330 millones en el valor de sus inversiones en los bonos del gobierno de Puerto Rico, según estimados a diciembre de 2013.
“Había una preocupación sobre las inversiones, preocupación ante la liquidez del BGF, pero ya hubo reuniones y hay alternativas de reinversión de los bonos que vencen estos meses. Las cooperativas que quieran que se les paguen esos bonos hay la liquidez en el BGF para eso, se nos informó”, explicó Rodríguez Collazo. Los bonos con vencimiento cercano suman unos $77 millones aproximadamente.
Se informó que la liquidez para el pago de esos vencimientos con las cooperativas ya estaban contados y no se asocian con el dinero levantado con la reciente emisión del BGF con los bonos de Obligaciones Generales (GO’s).
En gran medida, la pérdida en libros de las inversiones en los bonos del ELA, se había convertido en la tranquilla principal para que las cooperativas no pudieran pagar dividendos a sus asociados a partir del próximo mes cuando celebran sus asambleas anuales. Esto provocó un cambio en el proceso ordinario para contabilizar los porcentajes de pago a partir de las pérdidas reportadas y ahora cerca el 80% de las cooperativas podrán distribuir dividendos.
Rodríguez Collazo explicó que aun con el cambio, un 30% de las cooperativas de ahorro y crédito no podían pagar dividendos y se modificó todavía más con la implementación de la llamada Regla de Carácter Temporal aplicable a la distribución de sobrantes.
“Ahora son bien pocas las que no podrán pagar. No es solo por la pérdida reportada en las inversiones, también porque tenían dificultades financieras”, explicó y confirmó que hay cuatro cooperativas en sindicatura debido a sus finanzas pero no estima que tengan que cerrar. “Aquí se crea un sistema con buenas bases para el futuro y una reserva que antes no existía. Reserva de hasta un 75% para posibles pérdidas en las inversiones de acuerdo a la aportación de cada cooperativa”, agregó.